Legal & policy standards

Please note that ECPAT UK is not responsible for the content of external websites. Therefore the views expressed on any external websites should not be taken to represent ECPAT UK’s views and policies.

International Legal Standards

Convention on the Rights of the Child
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UK Legal Standards

The Children Act (1989) and The Children Act (2004)
Gangmasters Licensing Act
Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act
Sexual Offences Act
Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act
Proceeds of Crime Act
Coroners and Justice Act

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism

Child Trafficking

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
European Union Framework Decision on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings

Child Labour

Slavery Convention
Protocol amending the Slavery Convention
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
ILO Convention 138, Minimum Age
International Labour Organization Convention 182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
Recommendation 190 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

Refugees

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness

Street Children

UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules)
UN Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Plight of street children, G.A. res. 47/126

Children and Armed Conflict

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts
Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict

Orphans and Abandoned Children

United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty
Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illnesses and the Improvement of Mental Health Care
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

Regional Standards

African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
American Convention on Human Rights
European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

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Latest updates

Historic campaign win secures extra support for trafficked children

25th February 2015
Child victims of trafficking in England and Wales are set to benefit from ‘Child Trafficking Advocates’ with legal powers following ECPAT UK’s high-profile campaign to ensure…

Government commits to improve child exploitation laws

24 February 2015 

Children will benefit from improved child exploitation laws, following ECPAT UK’s campaign to make the Modern Slavery Bill more effective to prosecute child abusers.

Government must grasp historic opportunity to protect trafficked children

24 February 2015

The Government must today commit to clarify its proposed criminal legislation on child trafficking and child slavery if it wants to secure more prosecutions against those who…

Northern Ireland pioneers legal guardianship for trafficked children

20 January 2015

Northern Ireland has become the first country in the UK to introduce legal guardianship for trafficked and separated children, marking a major campaign success for ECPAT UK.

ECPAT UK renews call to ratify European convention on sexual exploitation

19 January 2015

The UK must demonstrate its commitment to combat the sexual abuse of children in travel and tourism by ratifying the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children…