Legal & policy standards

Please note that ECPAT UK is not responsible for the content of external websites. Therefore the views expressed on any external websites should not be taken to represent ECPAT UK’s views and policies.

International Legal Standards

Convention on the Rights of the Child
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UK Legal Standards

The Children Act (1989) and The Children Act (2004)
Gangmasters Licensing Act
Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act
Sexual Offences Act
Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act
Proceeds of Crime Act
Coroners and Justice Act

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism

Child Trafficking

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
European Union Framework Decision on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings

Child Labour

Slavery Convention
Protocol amending the Slavery Convention
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
ILO Convention 138, Minimum Age
International Labour Organization Convention 182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
Recommendation 190 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

Refugees

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness

Street Children

UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules)
UN Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Plight of street children, G.A. res. 47/126

Children and Armed Conflict

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts
Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict

Orphans and Abandoned Children

United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty
Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illnesses and the Improvement of Mental Health Care
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

Regional Standards

African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
American Convention on Human Rights
European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

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Latest updates

Please act now - join our campaign to stop the sexual abuse of children in tourism

ECPAT UK has launched a campaign calling on the UK Foreign Secretary to help stop the sexual abuse of children in tourism by British nationals. 

The campaign draws specific attention to…

Joint Committee backs ECPAT UK’s campaign calls for Modern Slavery Bill

8 April 2014

The Joint Committee on the Draft Modern Slavery Bill, appointed to report to Parliament on the proposed legislation, has backed all four of ECPAT UK’s campaign calls to strengthen…

House of Lords votes in favour of guardianship for trafficked children

7 April 2014
The House of Lords has today passed an amendment in the Immigration Bill that marks a hugely significant step in ECPAT UK’s campaign to secure a system of independent, legal guardianship…

UPDATE: British national jailed for two years in Cambodia for abuse of three boys

25 March 2014

ECPAT UK today has welcomed the sentencing of Richard Fruin, a British national with previous convictions in the UK for the production of child abuse images, to two years in prison…

More than fifty-thousand people tell Theresa May to better protect trafficked children

4 March 2014

More than 50,000 people have signed an ECPAT UK petition urging the Government to recognise the particular needs of child victims of trafficking in the Modern Slavery Bill.

The…

UPDATE: Fugitive child sex offender imprisoned in Derbyshire after eight years on the run

First alerted to British authorities by ECPAT UK in 2007, Ian Bower, convicted child sex offender who abused children in Cambodia during 8-year flight, has been arrested in Derby.

3 March 2013