Legal & policy standards

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International Legal Standards

Convention on the Rights of the Child
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UK Legal Standards

The Children Act (1989) and The Children Act (2004)
Gangmasters Licensing Act
Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act
Sexual Offences Act
Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act
Proceeds of Crime Act
Coroners and Justice Act

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism

Child Trafficking

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
European Union Framework Decision on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings

Child Labour

Slavery Convention
Protocol amending the Slavery Convention
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
ILO Convention 138, Minimum Age
International Labour Organization Convention 182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
Recommendation 190 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

Refugees

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness

Street Children

UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules)
UN Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Plight of street children, G.A. res. 47/126

Children and Armed Conflict

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts
Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict

Orphans and Abandoned Children

United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty
Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illnesses and the Improvement of Mental Health Care
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

Regional Standards

African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
American Convention on Human Rights
European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

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